You can drive around without a catalytic converter. Unfortunately, that doesn’t mean there are no disadvantages to it. When you drive without a catalytic converter, you may experience poor fuel economy and face legal troubles because of it.
So, it seems the catalytic converter isn’t that important if you can drive without it. Well, that’s not exactly the case.
Sure, you can turn your car on and go from your house to the office (and vice versa) without it.
It’s going to cost you, though.
You may not notice it, but you will waste gas with every ride. The catalytic converter is a crucial part of the exhaust system – and when the exhaust system is not in perfect shape, your engine will overwork to compensate.
And every time your engine works more than necessary, gas goes to waste.
Other than that, you may face a hefty fine for driving without one.
Of course, a catalytic converter isn’t as visible as your headlights. So, no, a cop won’t pull you over and give you a ticket because of it (unless your exhaust is in terrible shape and spreading black smoke everywhere).
You won’t pass a car inspection, though. More importantly, the minute someone realizes you don’t have it, you’ll get a big fine.
At that point, it’ll be cheaper to get a new catalytic converter than to risk it.
What are the signs of a bad catalytic converter?
- Engine light is on
- Rattling noises coming from under your car
- Poor fuel economy
- Shaky driving, up to the point of losing acceleration from time to time
- In severe cases, engine misfire
Before you panic, I know I told you not having a catalytic converter isn’t that problematic engine-wise. And it isn’t!
You will only experience the last two items when the catalytic converter is not working properly; that’d be, for example, when there’s too much pressure inside of it – and no way to release it in a timely manner.
Most of the time, a missing or poorly working converter will result in you wasting fuel and polluting the environment.
With that being said, these issues are not exclusive to having problems with the catalytic converter.
Other car issues may manifest in the same way. Engine problems often create similar consequences.
When in doubt, visit a mechanic!
What is a catalytic converter?
The catalytic converter is in charge of reducing pollution. When you drive around, the combustion process that happens inside of your car generates harmful fumes that need to go through the catalytic converter before they’re released into the environment.
Without the converter, your car becomes harmful to the environment. It’s also terrible for your wallet because of possible fines, but I’ve covered that already.
What does the catalytic converter do?
Anyway, the catalytic converter takes every gas and fume your car generates and turns it into a less harmful substance. Then, the exhaust releases it into the environment.
When I talk about harmful gases, I’m talking about nitrogen dioxide, nitric acid, monoxide, and a few more that have scary names that most people don’t know about but fear anyway.
And that’s an accurate reaction – because these gases shouldn’t be released into the environment.
To prevent that from happening, these gases pass through the converter and, after a chemical reaction, transform into a less harmful version of them (but not necessarily harmless).
The less harmful and harmless distinction is important. A catalytic converter doesn’t fix the pollution problem, but it does help in reducing it.
Does removing the catalytic converter affect the engine?
Not having a catalytic converter will change the way your car works. It’ll become more polluting and less fuel efficient. In contrast, it may reduce engine temperature and increase horsepower – but that doesn’t make it a good decision, though.
I have already covered what happens when you drive around without a catalytic converter.
Most of the consequences are bad – but that doesn’t mean people remove their catalytic converter off of their car to mess with the planet, though.
That’s right: some people willingly take out the converter. When it comes to certain cars, removing it may improve performance.
Most of the time, it’ll put an unnecessary strain on the exhaust system, causing the engine to overheat and overwork itself.
In very specific scenarios, the opposite happens.
Does that mean you should remove your catalytic converter? Not at all! The risk-reward ratio is tilted all the way into the risk zone and too little into the reward area.
As a side note, don’t mistake car owners without a catalytic converter as people who willingly remove it. Thieves tend to look for this car part because of how expensive it is (a converter costs somewhere between $1000 and $2500).
Can I start my car without a catalytic converter?
You will have no trouble starting your car if you’re missing the catalytic converter. I highly suggest not driving without it anyway, though. Especially if you suspect your car trouble is coming from your converter – but don’t know for sure.
As I’ve explained above, the immediate consequence of not having a catalytic converter is poor fuel economy and pollution. The first one is the issue you’ll face right away, though.
But there’s something we haven’t discussed yet.
Let’s say you’re not missing the catalytic converter. Instead, it’s malfunctioning. So, you know you can drive with or without the converter – so, who cares if it’s not working properly?
Well, you should care. Here’s the thing: you may think you have an issue with your converter, but you may have an issue with your exhaust system – and that’s when things get trickier.
Why is that? Because problems with your exhaust could prove more dangerous than not having a catalytic converter.
That’s when more serious engines issues could arise, and you’re facing a whole different beast there.
So, try and keep the car at home if you’re (seemingly) having issues with the catalytic converter. You should do the same if you don’t have it (but that’d be for the reasons stated above).